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Speech: The Rights of the Child Today and in the Time of Janusz Korczak.

Abstract: The United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child is a major achievement in the struggle to extend human rights to children. Its antecedents include the efforts of Dan Mulock Houwer, Eglantyne Jebb, Gustave Ador, and the work and words of Janusz Korczak (pioneer in residential care and director of an orphanage in Warsaw between 1912 and 1942), whose writings can be of great help in understanding children’s emotional lives. Of historical importance is Korczak’s fresh look at the concept of childhood in
which the similarity of children, particularly adolescents, and adults is emphasized. In contrast, children today as a whole are seen as having unique characteristics. A broad historical view suggests that, whereas economic prosperity freed Western youth from the duty to participate as adults in society, but now Western youth, sometimes for economic reasons, are excluded completely from participation in society. Today many children and adolescents want to participate more in society on an equal basis with adults. For example, youth in Holland recently formulated a constitution for schools and presented it to the Minister of Education
and Sciences. Currently, hopeful and terrible signs simultaneously indicate that the condition of the world’s children is both improving and deteriorating. In view of the problems Africa’s children face, more voices demanding children’s rights must be heard. Three pages of references conclude the document.

Find on ERIC, the Education Resources Information Center, an online digital library of education research and information, ERIC record ED269127 for future reference.
The Rights of the Child Today and in the Time of Janusz Korczak

Speech: Learning to Learn through Educational Therapy

Abstract: The presentation focuses on forms of therapeutic tutoring (particularly in reading) with children and adolescents. Developments in educational therapy at the Tavistock Clinic in London are cited along with efforts in the United States. Educational therapy approaches to deal with the school dropout program in Holland are also described. The approaches use principles of psychotherapy (including countertransference) as well as remedial teaching (use of a tutor as a model). Educational therapy stresses the capacity to learn, which should be considered developmentally.

Find on ERIC, the Education Resources Information Center, an online digital library of education research and information, ERIC record ED246592 for future reference.
Learning to Learn through Educational Therapy

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